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கங்கை பூமிக்கு வந்த வரலாறு | Ganga river history. Footbridge across the Ganges (Ganga) River near Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India. Despite its importance, its length of 1,560 miles (2,510 km) is relatively short compared with the other great rivers of Asia or of the world. Most of the major civilizations have sprung on the banks of the Ganges. Therefore, Shiva offered to gently lower the goddess in his hair which he did, rather cautiously taking 1,000 years. In one myth Ganga marries King Sanatanu but the relationship comes to a shattering end when the goddess is discovered to have drowned her own children. Although officially as well as popularly called the Ganga in Hindi and in other Indian languages, internationally it is known by its conventional name, the Ganges. It is formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda. Aug 18, 2020. by Altaf Qadri, The Associated Press. Although officially as well as popularly called the Ganga in Hindi and in other Indian languages, internationally it is known by its conventional name, the Ganges. Ganges. West Bengal is the last Indian state that the Ganges enters, and, after it flows into Bangladesh, the Mahananda River joins it from the north. PMC 2946570. The Hugli itself is joined by two tributaries flowing in from the west, the Damodar and the Rupnarayan. The was once a king named Sagar. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. In fact, the Ganga basin is the most heavily populated river basin in the world. As the Ganges passes from West Bengal into Bangladesh, a number of distributaries branch off to the south into the river’s vast delta. In Hindu mythology the Ganges river was created when Vishnu, in his incarnation as the dwarf brahmin, took two steps to cross the universe. Meanwhile, the great mythological king Bhagiratha was concerned to discover that 60,000 of King Sagara's ancestors had been incinerated from the stare of the Vedic sage Kapila. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The river then skirts the Rajmahal Hills to the south and flows southeast to Farakka in central West Bengal state, at the apex of the delta. Ganga's mother is Mena and her father is Himavat, the personification of the Himalaya mountains. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ganga is also personified as a goddess and worshipped as Goddess Ganga. Created between... Ganga, the Hindu personification of the River Ganges. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. It provides water to about 40% of India’s population. History Nick Whitney. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 27 May 2015 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Author of. Since time immemorial, the Ganga River has been considered the holiest of all rivers by Hindus. In India, the Ganga is far more than just a river. 2011 (798292): 1–13. International Journal of Microbiology. Its length is 205 km and has a basin of 6,921 sq km. Cartwright, Mark. The Ganges rises in the southern Great Himalayas on the Indian side of the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. In many natural depressions, known as bils, peat, still in the process of formation, has been used as a fertilizer by local farmers, and it has been dried and used as a domestic and industrial fuel. The combined stream, there called the Padma, joins with the Meghna River above Chandpur. The Ganga flows through India and Bangladesh. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Books The history of the Ganga river is old as the Indian civilization. https://www.ancient.eu/Ganges/. Drops from the river are also dropped into the mouth before a body is cremated. History of Ganga River in Hindi. Beginning in the Himalaya it runs... Hindu Myths: A Sourcebook Translated from the Sanskrit, Ganges: The Many Pasts of an Indian River, Rabbi on the Ganges: A Jewish-Hindu Encounter, River of Life, River of Death: The Ganges and India's Future, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. The general direction of the river’s flow is from northwest to southeast. Its five headstreams—the Bhagirathi, the Alaknanda, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar—all rise in the mountainous region of northern Uttarakhand state. The Ganges basin is about 200 to 400 miles (322 to 644 km) wide. Here, in one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, there is the Hindu Golden Temple, dedicated to Shiva. Rising in the Himalayas and emptying into the Bay of Bengal, it drains one-fourth of the territory of India, and its basin supports hundreds of millions of people. From time immemorial it has been the holy river … The descent of the goddess aided by Shiva is another popular scene in art and an outstanding example is the 7th century CE granite relief panel at a cave-shrine at Mamallapuram near Madras. Omissions? Ancient History Encyclopedia. ALONG THE GANGES, India (AP) — More than 2,000 years ago, a powerful king built a fort on the banks of India’s holiest river, on the fringes of what is now a vast industrial city. Giant open air bas-relief in Mahabalipuram, India. In certain parts of the delta there occur layers of peat, composed of the remains of forest vegetation and rice plants. Morning prayers along the Ganges River, Varanasi, India. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. At its delta the flow is generally southward. The event, involving from 70 to 100 million people, grows ever bigger and can claim to be the largest human gatherings in history. Ganga is represented as a fair-complexioned woman, wearing a … The goddess is often depicted in Hindu art wearing a white saree and riding a crocodile. The greater part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, across which it flows, is the heartland of the region known as Hindustan and has been the cradle of successive civilizations from the Mauryan empire of Ashoka in the 3rd century bce to the Mughal Empire, founded in the 16th century. To the seaward side of the delta as a whole, there is a vast stretch of tidal mangrove forests and swampland. Ghat on the Ganges River, Bithur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Ganges River Cruises 2021. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The southern surface of the Ganges delta has been formed by the rapid and comparatively recent deposition of enormous loads of sediment. The new deposits of the delta, known in Hindi and Urdu as the khadar, naturally occur in the vicinity of the present channels. One of the most sacred sites in India is alongside the Ganges at Varanasi. Reply. Last modified May 27, 2015. Its most-important southern tributary is the Son River. She has been a symbol of India's age long culture and civilization, ever changing , ever flowing, and yet ever the same Ganga." Her sister was Parvati. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Ganges, as well as its tributaries and distributaries, is constantly vulnerable to changes in its course in the delta region. The rivers in the West Bengal area are sluggish; little water passes down them to the sea. Rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda join each other at Devprayag to form River Ganga. "Ganges." The Bhagirathi River is a Himalayan River which flows in Uttarakhand state. The response was to pray earnestly to Vishnu and perform ascetic acts for a thousand years. Safely arrived on earth, Bhagiratha guided Ganga across India, where she split into many subsidiaries, and successfully washed the ashes of Sagara's ancestors in her sacred waters. She is the daughter of Himavat and granddaughter of Brahma. The volume of the Ganges increases markedly as it receives more tributaries and enters a region of heavier rainfall, and it shows a marked seasonal variation in flow. On the second step Vishnu's big toe accidentally created a hole in the wall of the universe and through it spilled some of the waters of the River Mandakini. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 27 May 2015. The Ganges flows only 200 km through the Himalayas. • Abraham, Wolf-Rainer (2011). Gangotri itself is a sacred place for Hindu pilgrimage. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. It is religion, industry, farming and politics. The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh (map). The river is, along with two other sites, the location of the extraordinary Kumbha Mela ritual which dates back to at least the 7th century CE. She holds an important place in the Hindu pantheon. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. The Ganga is as a result of Himalayan snow. The Ganges is considered a tirtha which means a crossing point between heaven and earth. The course of the River Ganges. Ganga Nadi की पौराणिक कहानियां ... Ganga river is a heaven/holy river.All indian people get heaven from water of Ganga.It Indian Heaven Mother. ALONG THE GANGES: More than 2,000 years ago, a powerful king built a fort on the banks of India’s holiest river, on the fringes of what is now a vast industrial city. 0-Ganges Photo Main AP20223260836175 RESIZE.jpg. The river touches plain land in the Rishikesh region near Haridwar in Uttarakhand.Then it passes through the towns of Kanpur, Soron, Kannauj, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Ghazipur, Bhagalpur, Mirzapur, Ballia, Buxar, Saidpur, and Chunar. For the years Ganga has been the only spectator of all changes that have shaped the Indian history, culture and its people. It is one of the two headstreams of the pious Ganga River. Research Associate, Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley. One day he intended to sacrifice a horse to the gods, but the horse was stolen by Indra and placed in the Underworld. 3 years ago. Rising in the Himalayas and flowing to the Bay of Bengal, the river traverses a course of more than 2,500 km through the plains of north and eastern India. Spirituality. From April to June the melting Himalayan snows feed the river, and in the rainy season, from July to September, the rain-bearing monsoons cause floods. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. In-depth Cultural. Each country’s portion of the Sundarbans has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage site, India’s in 1987 and Bangladesh’s in 1997. Waters from the Ganges are also collected by believers and taken home for use in rituals and as an offering. Updates? We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The Ganga is the most sacred river for the Hindus and is the lifeline of the millions of people living along its course. The region, called the Sundarbans, is protected by India and Bangladesh for conservation purposes. There was a problem though, that if Ganga merely dropped from heaven her swirling waters would do untold damage. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. Dhaka (Dacca), the capital of Bangladesh, stands on the Buriganga (“Old Ganges”), a tributary of the Dhaleswari. The cities like Rishikesh, Haridwar, Bhagalpur, Allahabad, Patna, Kanpur and Mirzapur etc. Ganges River flows with history and prophecy for India. Related Content The delta, the seaward prolongation of sediment deposits from the Ganges and Brahmaputra river valleys, is about 220 miles (355 km) along the coast and covers an area of some 23,000 square miles (60,000 square km). During the rains (June to October) the greater part of the region is flooded to a depth of 3 or more feet (at least 1 metre), leaving the villages and homesteads, which are built on artificially raised land, isolated above the floodwaters. River Ganga has been originated from the Gomukh cave of the Gangotri glacier. The Ganges next enters the state of Bihar, where its main tributaries from the Himalayan region of Nepal to the north are the Gandak, the Burhi (“Old”) Gandak, the Ghugri, and the Kosi rivers. The River Ganges, also known as the Ganga, flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. Cartwright, Mark. The great god, gratified by Bhagiratha's piety, agreed for Ganga to descend to earth where she might wash over the ashes of the 60,000, purify them, and permit them to ascend to heaven. This is a tale about the Indian holy river of Gnaga. History of Ganga River July 01, 2011 The Ganges is one of the major rivers of the Indian subcontinent, flowing east through the Gangetic Plain of northern India into … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Dating to c. 500 CE, the goddess stands on a makara (a mythological mix of crocodile and elephant) which symbolises the life-giving nature of water. Find the right river cruise for you on Ganges. ^ "The Ganga, especially, is the river of India, beloved of her people, round which are interwined her memories, her hopes and fears, her songs of triumph, her victories and her defeats. PMID 20885968.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) The Ganga river flows down the Southern end of the grand majestic Himalayas on the Indian end and the Tibetan autonomous region in China. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Ganges/. Described in the Mahabharata as the 'best of rivers, born of all the sacred waters', the Ganges is personified as the goddess Ganga. Ganga frequently appears in sculpture near temple doors and on decorative relief panels along with her sister river goddess Yamuna. The westernmost distributaries of the delta are the Bhagirathi and the Hugli (Hooghly) rivers, on the east bank of which stands the huge metropolis of Kolkata (Calcutta). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. South of Haridwar, now within the state of Uttar Pradesh, the river receives its two principal right-bank tributaries: the Yamuna River, which flows through the Delhi capital region and then roughly parallels the southeastward flow of the Ganges before joining it near Prayagraj (Allahabad), and the Tons, which flows north from the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh state and joins the Ganges just below Prayagraj. Cartwright, M. (2015, May 27). Pawan Kumar April 5, 2019. A celebrated representation of Ganga is from a sandstone lintel of a temple at Beshnagar. Also, many important capitals have been located on the banks of the river. River Ganga Since the dawn of history, The Ganges has held the country’s heart captive and drawn countless millions to her banks. In Bangladesh the Ganges is joined by the mighty Brahmaputra (which is called the Jamuna in Bangladesh) near Goalundo Ghat. For most of its course it is a wide and sluggish stream, flowing through one of the most fertile and densely populated regions in the world. In the Matsya Purana and the story of the Great Flood the first man Manu throws a giant fish into the river which then continues to grow to gigantic proportions, eventually escaping to the sea. In the Siva Purana the Ganges carries the seed of Shiva which, when carried to a clump of reeds, became Skanda. During winter the river’s flow declines. The Ganges often appears in Hindu mythology as a background location, for example, as a place where the famous figures Atri and Death performed various acts of asceticism. are located in the bank of the Ganga. The River Ganges, also known as the Ganga, flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. The delta’s growth is dominated by tidal processes. The Brahmaputra and Ganges river basins and their drainage network. The main left-bank tributaries in Uttar Pradesh are the Ramganga, the Gomati, and the Ghaghara. doi:10.1155/2011/798292. This is a tale about the Indian holy river of Gnaga. In the Bangladeshi delta region, the rivers are broad and active, carrying plentiful water and connected by innumerable creeks. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. The Ganges is considered a tirtha which means a crossing point between heaven and earth. Add Comment. Communication between settlements during that season can be accomplished only by boat. Dates & length Places Filters. Above: The Milky Way glows above the 6856-metres-tall Bhagirathi peaks as seen from Tapovan, at an altitude of 4500 metres in Uttarakhand. The story given here is the story of how Ganga came to flow on this earth and some other beliefs surrounding it. Web. It is composed of repeated alternations of clays, sands, and marls, with recurring layers of peat, lignite, and beds of what were once forests. Mahatma Gandhi Bridge spanning the broad, slow-moving Ganges (Ganga) River between Patna and Hajipur, Bihar state, India. Yogesh Kr Ydv says: January 5, 2017 at 4:25 pm . Boat traffic on the Buriganga (“Old Ganges”) River, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Every day, Har Ki Pauri ghat is in Haridwar, Uttarakhand , India & hundreds of people taking a dip in water of the Ganges. The Ganga, unfortunately, is also one of the five most polluted rivers in the world. She waters the Earth alongside Saraswati. River Ganga has significant economic, environmental and cultural value in India. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas of Uttarakhand state, northern India, one of the sources of the Ganges (Ganga) River. On Ganga Saptami devotees all over the world worship Mother Ganga and take bath in Ganga river which is considered highly auspicious. It is a source of water for millions of people, and an immense septic system that endures millions of gallons of raw sewage. Such changes have occurred in comparatively recent times, especially since 1750. Regarded as sacred by Hindus, the river is personified as the goddess Ganga in ancient texts and art. Ritual bathing in the Ganges was and is an important part of Hindu pilgrimage and the ashes of the cremated are often spread across her waters. The Ganges River is without a doubt the most important river to India. "Ganges." ALONG THE GANGES, India -- More than 2,000 years ago, a powerful king built a fort on the banks of India’s holiest river, on the fringes of what is now a vast industrial city. It flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. From time immemorial it has been the holy river of Hinduism. River Ganges has two source … It has seen the rise and fall of many empires. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. "Megacities as Sources for Pathogenic Bacteria in Rivers and Their Fate Downstream" (PDF). The western coastline of the delta, however, has remained practically unchanged since the 18th century. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ganges-River, MapsofIndia.com - Rivers in India - Ganges River, Ganges River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Ganges River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. The Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers unite at Devaprayag to form the main stream known as the Ganga, which cuts southwestward through the Siwalik Range (Outer Himalayas) at the northern edge of the Indo-Gangetic Plain to emerge from the mountains at Rishikesh. This image of Ganga, the Hindu goddess, shows that the Ganges river is sacred because it comes from the heavens. Trips are most popular in October, with the most river cruises doing this route then. Arthamulla Aanmeegam. Apart from the Hugli and the Meghna, the other distributary streams that form the Ganges delta are, in West Bengal, the Jalangi River and, in Bangladesh, the Matabhanga, Bhairab, Kabadak, Garai-Madhumati, and Arial Khan rivers. License. Measuring 24 x 6 metres, the scene shows Ganga descending in the centre surrounded by gods, people, and animals. The river Ganga is considered holy by Hindus, the river is symbolised as the goddess Ganga in ancient texts and art. He had sixty thousand sons. To the east the seaward side of the delta is being changed at a rapid rate by the formation of new lands, known as chars, and new islands. It then flows onto the plain at Haridwar, another place held sacred by Hindus. The site is also sacred to Jains and Buddhists but it is perhaps most famous as a place of retirement, cremation, and the spreading of ashes upon the sacred river. Of those, the two main headstreams are the Alaknanda (the longer of the two), which rises about 30 miles (50 km) north of the Himalayan peak of Nanda Devi, and the Bhagirathi, which originates at about 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) above sea level in a subglacial meltwater cave at the base of the Himalayan glacier known as Gangotri. River Ganga originates from the Gangotri Glacier, on the southern slopes of the Himalayas, which is 14,000 feet above sea level. Now held every three years, Hindu pilgrims of all social status perform a ritual bathing in the river which is thought to purify body and soul, wash away karma, and bring good fortune. In West Bengal in India, as well as in Bangladesh, the Ganges is locally called the Padma. 13 Ganges river cruises with 10 reviews View Map. History of Ganga River History of Ganga River, the national river of India, is steeped in mythology and folklore. Hindus have always believed Ganga Jal to be pure, pious and drinkable. For most of its course the Ganges flows through Indian territory, although its large delta in the Bengal area, which it shares with the Brahmaputra River, lies mostly in Bangladesh. Bacteria in rivers and Their drainage network 205 km and has a basin of 6,921 sq km tirtha which a!, published on 27 May 2015 under the following publications: ancient history Encyclopedia logo is Himalayan... 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